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New Plant In Dehradun To Make Diesel From Waste Plastic

After a decade of hard work, the fruit of the Indian Institute of Petroleum's research has paid off. This Tuesday, the waste plastic to diesel plant was inaugurated in Indian Institute of Petroleum.

At the moment the plant can convert 1 tonne of waste plastics into 800 litres of diesel at the cost Rs 80-90 per litre which is not economical when diesel's averaging at around Rs65, but the IIP intends to increase the capacity of the plant to 10 tonne which will bring the cost down to the range of Rs50 per litre.

The Union Minister of Science and Technology Dr Harsh Vardhan quoted “Throughout the country we are running a campaign led by PM Narendra Modi to end the dependence and use of plastic made products and polythene bags as they are not good for humans, animals and the nature. This technology is a major step in the Beat the Plastic campaign.”

The Union Minister claims the plant will recover its cost of 15 Crore in 3 years, and it will provide employment to many individuals.

CM Trivendra Singh Rawat, who was also present at the inauguration said, “This is a major achievement by IIP. On one end it will help in environment conservation and at the same time, it will be useful in economic growth.”

 

How it works?

The project started in 2006 when a small group of scientists from the Indian Institute of Petroleum decided to make something useful from this hazardous waste but also to generate some revenue.

As explained by the senior scientist-ion-charge, Sanat Kumar

“What we have done here is that we have broken large plastic molecules also called polymers into small molecules by heating plastic in absence of air, so that it doesn’t burn. This is called pyrolysis. Then we experimented with these small molecules with different catalysts. And finally, after many trials and errors, we succeeded in finding the right combination of catalysts that help in turning these molecules into hydrocarbons like diesel and petrol. Once catalysts do their job, we set it for condensation, a process that helps us in getting the final products in liquid form, which is gasoline or diesel or aromatics

Read more about their project here:

https://www.iip.res.in/waste-plastics-to-fuel-and-petrochemicals




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